When shopping for skin care products, people with dry skin types will benefit from specific ingredients. Rhee recommends looking out for ingredients that help retain moisture (humectants), which help restore your skin’s barrier and lock in moisture. Some examples of humectants include hyaluronic acid, glycerin/glycerol, sorbitol, and propylene glycol. Aloe vera also has moisturizing properties. Moisture sealants and these include gasoline or mineral oil.
Ceramides are another important component, as they are an integral component of the skin’s outermost layer, the stratum corneum. “They are natural fats, also known as lipids, that comprise the essential lipid bilayer structure of our skin,” explains Rhee. “It is this specialized lipid structure that allows our skin to be supple and soft and provides an effective barrier from possible irritants. Perennial dry skin is often imbalanced or lacking in ceramides. Look for ingredients that are simply labeled as ceramides (ceramide 1, 2, 3, 6, II, AP, EOS, EOP, NG, NP, or NS) or ceramide precursors (phytosphingosine and sphingosine). are N-stearoyl sphinganine, N-stearoyl phytosphingosine, α-hydroxy-N-stearoylphytosphingosine, Caproyl sphingosine, Cetyl-PG-Hydroxyethyl Palmitamide and Hexadecanamide.”