When it comes to determining your skin type, things aren’t always easy. However, while dry skin can go through an oily phase, and oily skin can sometimes feel tight and uncomfortable, determining your primary skin type is important if you want to take care of your skin. . And that’s especially true when it comes to dry skin.

While oily skin tends to manifest through shine or breakouts, dry skin tends to hide behind the scenes, showing up only when it feels too late in the form of redness, irritation, and flaking. And as things start to heat up and our skin becomes exposed to the dangers of the great outdoors, it’s more important than ever that we don’t overlook our very important needs and wants. specific to dry skin.

If you feel like you have dry skin, now’s the time to apply all the expert-approved skincare tips, ingredients, and routines to keep your skin looking its best. the coming months. To make things a little easier, we enlisted the help of Dr. Ifeoma Ejikeme, skincare expert at CeraVe, to compile our ultimate guide to dry skin care.

What is dry skin?

It sounds silly, but just because your skin seems dry doesn’t necessarily mean you have dry skin. “Dry skin is skin that has less sebum or lipids,” explains Dr. Ejikeme. “This means it’s dry year-round, regardless of the product applied to the skin or the level of hydration.”

How can you tell if you have dry skin?

This is the hard part. As mentioned before, dry skin can be especially difficult to self-diagnose, as all skin types can experience some phase of dryness. However, Dr. Ejikeme explains that persistent or persistent problems mean your skin type is likely to be dry. “Your skin will feel tight and you may be prone to redness, peeling, or itching. Fine lines and wrinkles will also appear excessive,” she says.

What causes dry skin?

Dr Ejikeme revealed: “Many external factors can make dry skin worse. “Environmental stressors, diet, and caffeine intake can all play a role in dehydrating the skin. Excessive exfoliation and overuse of retinoids can also degrade the skin’s barrier function, causing a feeling of dryness.”

And while what our skin comes into contact with products on can make the situation worse, so can the weather. While dry skin can flare up during the colder months as cool winds and central heating dry it out, sun damage can also degrade the skin’s protective function, causing it to become dry. dryness and irritation.

How can you tell if your skin is dry or dehydrated?

Now this is where things start to get complicated, but it’s important to know the difference if you’re trying to determine if your skin type is dry. “All skin types, including dry and oily skin, can become dehydrated and feel dry. The difference is, with dehydrated skin, only the upper layers of the skin have low moisture,” revealed Dr. Ejikeme.

The key to determining the difference, Dr. Ejikeme explains, is how susceptible your skin is to dry symptoms. Using products that help repair barrier function can make this better over time. “However, for dry skin types that are frequently dry, it is important for your entire routine to focus on hydration and improving barrier function.

What are the best ingredients for dry skin?

Basically, you want to use any ingredient that hydrates and ‘pulls’ water to the skin. “Moisturizers help with this, and include ingredients like glycerine, hyaluronic acid and even aloe,” says Dr. Ejikeme. Then you need to look for other ingredients that help ‘lock in’ moisture and hydrate the upper layers of the skin, such as ceramides and fatty acids.

What ingredients should you avoid if you have dry skin?

In times of extreme dryness and irritation, you should steer clear of ingredients that compromise skin’s barrier function, such as retinol and harsh exfoliants. However, experts warn that blacklisting ingredients for dry skin is not the way to go. “The level of hydration in the skin is constantly changing, so there is not a single ingredient to avoid. Instead, listen to your skin. If feeling particularly irritated, stop exfoliating and use moisturizing ingredients that help reduce the feeling of dryness,” recommends Dr. Ejikeme.

BEST SKIN CARE PRODUCTS FOR DRY SKIN

  • Best eye cream for dry skin

    Curel Moisture Eye Zone Essence
    Curel Moisture Eye Zone Essence

    The skin around the eyes is thin and needs more moisture than other areas of the face. Because of this, it is also more sensitive. This lightweight eye cream contains ceramides to help rebuild the skin barrier as well as provide plumping nourishment.

    Curél Moisture Eye Zone Essence, £22.50 at Boots

  • Best exfoliator for dry skin

    Tata Harper Radiance Mask
    Tata Harper Radiance Mask

    Dry skin doesn’t always exfoliate, and sometimes becomes irritated and redder. However, this exfoliating mask has been specially formulated for dry, sensitive skin types to boost radiance, while maintaining optimal hydration levels.

    Tata Harper Radiance Mask, £57 at Cult Beauty

Image: Courtesy of the brand

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