As a professional esthetician, understanding pH and its impact on skin is an integral part of education. Studies have shown that pH is not only an important factor in skin health, but it can also be one of the most important to understand. “The pH of the skin is one of the important physiological parameters of the skin. Changes in pH play a role in the pathogenesis of several skin diseases, including acne. “
In fact, skin problems like eczema, redness, dry patches, acne, oily shine, psoriasis, and early signs of aging all indicate that your skin’s pH is out of balance. The main manifestation of all these skin problems is a damaged skin barrier due to an imbalanced pH, which means that maintaining the proper pH of the skin is the primary responsibility of the skin care professional to maintain the skin barrier.
Understanding pH and its relationship to the skin is not only about recognizing skin-related signs but also knowing which products have a high or low pH and why. This will review background information on pH and its relation to the skin barrier, but all estheticians are encouraged to learn more on this topic as it is a concern. continuously, constantly developing.
pH stands for potential hydrogen and is a unit of measurement that indicates whether a substance is acidic, neutral, or alkaline. Alkali are sometimes called “bases.” Just like a thermometer and an inch of distance, pH measures the amount of acid or alkali in an aqueous solution. Only aqueous and/or water-soluble solutions can be acidic or alkaline.
A solution is acidic or alkaline depending on the number of positive hydroxide ions or negative hydrogen ions it contains (ion is an atom that has gained or lost an electron). If a solution has more positive hydrogen ions than negative hydroxide ions, the solution is acidic. If it has more negative hydroxide ions, it is alkaline. When a solution has equal numbers of hydrogen and hydroxide ions, it is neutral.
The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14 with 7 being neutral. Numbers less than 7 indicate acid while numbers greater than 7 indicate alkaline. The scale is logarithmic, which means that each step or number increases to a multiple of 10. pH 6 is 10 times more acidic than neutral 7; however, number 6 is 10 times less acidic than number 5, which will decrease within the average pH range of hair, skin and scalp. When you’re using products that have a pH of 6 or “just some” of your hair’s average pH, it’s actually 10 times less acidic. That is a big difference. For example, did you peel an orange and when the juice from the orange came in contact with your skin, did you feel a slight tickle? The The pH of an orange is approximately 2, which is only 3 steps away from the pH of your skin (4.5-5.5) but in reality it is almost 1,000 times more acidic than your skin.
At the top of the scale is 14, which is 10 million times more alkaline than 7. For example, lemon juice has a pH of 2.5, which is considered a strong acid. Diet Cherry Coke has 3.0, which is considered a weak acid. Distilled water has a pH value of 7.0, which is considered neutral, although more alkaline than the ideal pH of the skin. Toothpaste has a pH value of about 8.5, while ammonia, a strong alkali, has a pH value of 12.5. Remember that a neutral pH is 7, with anything higher being alkaline and anything lower being acidic. For skin, however, the pH scale tends to be a bit broader, with acidity ranging between 4 and 7.
However, there are a number of factors both internal and external that can affect the pH of the skin. These include age, skin type on the body, genetic factors, sebum and skin moisture. Research has found that the pH of the skin can affect the barrier function which, in turn, can lead to many problems.
The skin barrier depends on the ability of the skin to retain moisture and the organization of lipids within the skin. The stratum corneum barrier is created by a process that involves a number of pH-dependent enzymes that have an optimal range between 4.5 and 5.6, which are then involved in the synthesis of ceramides, the components important of the skin fence. Studies have shown that elevated pH in normal skin creates a disturbed barrier. More, skin microbiota includes temporary, temporary and permanent species. Normal flora thrives optimally at acidic pH levels, while bad bacteria thrive at neutral pH levels.
Other factors that can affect the pH of the skin include air pollution, antibacterial products, seasonal changes, different humidity, cosmetics, detergents, sweat, tap water, exposure. too much sun and wind, aggressive treatments like microdermabrasion and acid peels, and Medical Treatment.
“Acid balance” and “pH balance” are two terms that are sometimes confused in the cosmetology industry. When a product says “pH balanced” it means that the pH is balanced at a certain number, but not necessarily between 4.5 and 5.5. Acid balance means balance in the acidic range of 4.5 to 5.5. Your duty as a professional esthetician is to use products that help maintain the skin’s acid balance between 4.5 and 5.5 acids.
In general, when the skin barrier is damaged by a pH imbalance, look for ingredients that interact with the skin. For example, seaweed is closest to the body’s plasma, and so can help restore the skin’s natural moisture barrier as well as restore the skin to its proper pH. With Repêchage Four-Layer Facial®, For example, customers will experience layer upon layer of pure fresh seaweed that helps to even out, deep clean and firm the skin, while helping to maintain and restore the proper pH balance of the skin.
Use products that are formulated for specific skin problems taking into account the pH needs of each individual’s skin type and condition. The Repêchage® . Collection of professional products that address all skin concerns, have been pH balanced to suit the specific needs of your skin condition.
The appropriate course of treatment can vary from person to person, depending on each person’s skin concerns. The following are general outlines of product types and uses:
- Wash with mild detergent: The more oil-free a cleanser is, the more it breaks down the skin barrier, so use a balanced one. Look for seaweed-based cleansers that help restore and maintain balance such as Repêchage® Sea Cleanse® Foaming Cleanser. Remember that the pH of the water used to wash your face can also affect the pH of your skin, even if only temporarily. Remember to always rinse and instruct guests to rinse off the cleanser on their skin to remove any excess alkaline in the cleanser.
- Toner is very important: Sometimes considered unnecessary, most in the consumer market, an esthetician may use a facial treatment to educate their client on the use of toners and astringents. skin because of their importance in restoring pH balance and the skin barrier. Toners made from seaweed, such as Repêchage® Algo Mist® Hydrating Seaweed Facial Spray, can help neutralize any remaining alkalinity to help restore skin to its optimal pH level. More delicate, sensitive, or damaged skin can use toners formulated for this skin type to restore pH, including: Repêchage® Hydra Dew Pure™ Facial Essence Mist and Repechage® Hydra 4® tonic .
- Mask: The mask not only contains ingredients that address skin concerns, from anti-aging peptides to moisturizing seaweed filtrate, but also provides a barrier that allows the skin to correct its own pH deficiency. Repêchage® sheet mask collection It is based on Repêchage’s proprietary sustainably harvested fresh Seaweed extract combined with advanced ingredients to quickly address any skin concerns.
- Exfoliation and peeling: Mild AHA and BHA exfoliants can be very beneficial for the skin, but because of the acids, close supervision is required by a esthetician to ensure that the skin is not over-irritating, as well as performing a post-peel treatment. suitable for restoring the proper pH. Rapidex® Marine Exfoliator with Phyto-Marine Actives is a safe and effective single dose exfoliant based on Seaweed and Seaweed Extracts and Multi-Fruit, Glycolic, and Lactic Acid to gently exfoliate skin, leaving skin even-toned. and texture, softer and smoother. Enzyme peels, such as Repêchage® Vita Cura® Enzymatic Micropeel, which work in a different way than acid peels, may have less impact on sensitive skin types, but also need to be monitored for correct removal and thoroughly at the right time.
- Serums and massages: Serum, such as Repêchage® Red Out® Serum, Helps restore skin’s pH balance. This phase of treatment can deliver ingredients that help restore skin’s healthy ecology before applying a layer of moisturizer.
- Moisturizing: A moisturizer, such as Repêchage® Hydra Dew Pure™ Facial Moisturizer and Repêchage® Hydra Dew Pure™ Night Cream, Not only does it provide moisturizing ingredients, but it can also be a barrier restorer with ingredients like seaweed extract, hyaluronic acid, and Camelia Japonica seed oil.
Maintaining healthy skin requires education in skin chemistry and biology. Learning about the factors that affect skin pH and natural moisture barrier is key to creating successful processes that really help your clients see results in their treatments and treatments. skin care at their home.
Do you have any questions about pH and skin? Leave them in the comments below.