If the skin on your face is inflamed, irritated, and red, it can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint the cause. Is it eczema or is it acne? This article will discuss eczema and acne symptoms, treatments, and prevention steps.
Eczema vs Acne
Eczema causes skin inflammation. There are several different forms of eczema, and the most common form is atopic dermatitis. All forms of eczema cause dry, scaly skin, accompanied by redness and itching. Eczema can affect people of all ages.
On the other hand, acne is a skin condition that causes raised bumps on the skin when the hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin, and bacteria. Acne is most common in teenagers during puberty due to hormonal changes, but acne can also persist into adulthood. Also, acne is a common symptom during the menstrual cycle.
Signs of Eczema and Symptoms of Acne
Eczema almost always causes an itchy, red patchy rash on the face or body, often in the folds of the elbows or knees. Redness and itching are the main symptoms of eczema, but affected areas of skin can also become dry, flaky, and scaly.
The most common form of eczema called atopic dermatitis is common in people with a personal or family history of hay fever or asthma because these conditions often occur together. Affected areas of skin may turn darker, and small blisters that may become infected may develop if the skin is scratched and broken.
Eczema can also develop from an allergic reaction to a specific substance. This type of eczema, known as contact dermatitis, can also cause skin redness, pain, and swelling.
Acne is caused by clogged pores. Acne usually develops on the face, forehead, upper back, chest, and shoulders. Nodules are small raised bumps that are red or similar to your skin color and have a white center or large and dark pores (blackheads).
Acne is not usually itchy and most acne is painless, with the exception of cystic acne. Cystic acne causes larger, swollen, painful nodules and cysts under the skin.
Ways to Diagnose and Treat Eczema and Acne
Eczema is diagnosed by a dermatologist based on personal and family history and skin manifestations. A skin biopsy, which removes a small amount of skin tissue for further examination, can help confirm the diagnosis and rule out other skin conditions, such as a fungal infection.
Eczema cannot be cured, but treatments like moisturizing the skin and managing stress can help relieve symptoms. Topical steroids, Eucrisa (lubricating ointment), Elidel (pimecrolimus cream), or coal tar can help relieve pain, redness, and itching.
Acne is also diagnosed by a dermatologist based on the appearance of the skin. Risk factors such as changes in hormone levels during puberty, menstruation, medications, and family history increase the likelihood of developing acne.
Acne treatment includes regular cleansing of the skin and proper moisturizing. Oral or topical antibiotics, steroids, and retinoids may also be prescribed to reduce acne and improve the appearance of the skin.
Prevents Eczema and Acne
Preventing eczema and acne begins with avoiding triggers that can make symptoms worse. Avoiding contact with tight and irritating fabrics, extreme heat, harsh or abrasive products, and fragrances can help prevent eczema flare-ups.
Eczema flare-ups are also triggered by food allergies. The most common food allergies that can worsen eczema include allergies to milk, wheat, eggs, peanuts, soy, and shellfish. Avoiding certain foods such as refined and processed foods, sugar, dairy products, and foods to which you are sensitive or allergic can also help prevent acne.
Proper skin care is also important to prevent eczema and acne. Using mild skin cleansers and moisturizers can help keep skin clean and hydrated to protect the skin’s natural barrier. It’s also important to avoid scratching or scratching at eczema and acne-prone skin. This can help reduce the risk of infection and prevent these skin conditions from getting worse.
When to seek professional help
If you have red, itchy patches of skin that don’t go away within a month, you should make an appointment with your doctor to determine if you have eczema. Eczema is a condition that you must manage throughout your life, and it is important to have it evaluated by a doctor to make sure you do not have a more serious skin condition or that your eczema is not infected. .
If you have acne, you may want to make an appointment with your doctor, especially if you have a significant number of blisters on a large part of your face or body, which take a long time to heal. or chronic relapse.
Eczema and acne both cause irritation and inflammation of the skin, but they have different symptoms and causes. While eczema causes itching, acne does not. Also, eczema can be triggered by allergies or exposure to certain substances, but acne is the result of clogged pores.
Avoiding pathogens is important for treating and preventing both of these conditions. Maintaining a proper skin care routine that includes daily cleansing and moisturizing is also helpful.
A very good word
Eczema and acne are two common skin conditions that affect many people. Symptoms are usually mild, can be controlled with simple treatments and lifestyle habits, and should not significantly affect your life.
However, the physical appearance of eczema or acne, along with other symptoms such as redness, itching, or pain, can be worrisome. If you have either of these conditions and don’t see any improvement in your symptoms for more than a month, scheduling an appointment with a dermatologist can help you get the treatment you need. .
frequently asked Questions
Is there a cure for eczema and acne?
Salicylic acid is sometimes used in the treatment of both eczema and acne. Salicylic acid helps to exfoliate the skin and remove dead skin cells, which can help reduce dryness and flaking caused by eczema, as well as reduce pore congestion caused by dead skin cells from acne. fish.
Can eczema and acne be hereditary?
Both eczema and acne have a genetic component. If you have family members who have been diagnosed with eczema or who have had or are suffering from acne, especially during their teens, you may be more at risk of developing these conditions. this skin.
What is the imbalance that causes eczema and acne problems?
The cause of eczema is not clear. Increased oil, dead skin or bacteria can clog pores and cause breakouts.