Understanding Skin Types – What Skin Type Do You Have?

Each of us desires to have beautiful skin, but most of us don’t have it. Mostly, the root cause of ‘bad skin’ is lack of proper care. “But I do take care of my skin.” some of you can argue. But do you take care of your skin according to its type? Do you even know your skin type? You can also learn more about Skin Anatomy and Skin Conditions.

Well, skin care only works if all the products you’re using are right for your particular skin type and not against it. First, we must determine your skin type, then we will guide you through the skin care process.

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Four main skin types

There are countless classifications of skin types and colors, but we will focus on four main skin types to keep things simple and straightforward.

Normal skin

First, congratulations on winning the lottery when we talk about skin type. Normal skin is not too oily and not too dry. It strikes perfect balance. You will have very little to no skin imperfections, no pores, no sensitivity, and your skin will age visibly. Chances are your skin looks radiant all the time. As we said earlier, you’re in luck.

Oily skin

If you always carry blotting paper and powder in your bag, chances are you have oily skin. Your skin will produce excess oil at all times of the year. People with oily skin often struggle with acne, large pores, blackheads and shiny skin. Don’t worry because we can control the oiliness by using the right products.

Dry skin

As the name suggests, dry skin produces less oil, lacking radiance and vitality. If your skin is tighter after washing your face and you feel constantly needing to moisturize, chances are you are suffering from dry skin. Flaky skin, premature aging, redness, patches of rough skin and lack of elasticity are problems that dry skinned people face.

Combination skin

You’ve got the best and worst of both worlds. If you have combination skin, your skin will appear oily in the T-zone and dry on the cheeks. Enlarged pores, mild acne, blackheads and shiny T-zone are some of the most common problems faced by people with combination skin. Combination skin care is slightly different as you may have to use different products for different skin areas.

Fitzpatrick Scale – Another way to grade your skin

The Fitzpatrick scale classifies skin according to its response to sunlight.

How it works?

Fitzpatrick skin type, also known as phototype, is based on the skin’s melanin pigment. The pigment melanin determines what color skin we have; white, brown, black, etc… As a result of this pigment, all the templates react differently to sun exposure. The constitutional trait we all have at the time we are born is the basis of this scale.

Fitzpatrick skin types

According to Fitzpatrick Promotions, there are total skin types/styles. Consider the characteristics of each type:

Type 1

  • Skin: Pale skin, often described as ivory white
  • Eye: Light colored eyes; green, blue and gray
  • Hair: Hair color is usually red or light blonde
  • Reacting to the Sun: People with type 1 skin never tan. Their skin often freckled when exposed to the sun. In case of excessive sun exposure, the skin will burn and peel.

Type 2

  • Skin: Pale skin, usually classified as fair skin
  • Eye: Dark eyes; green, blue and gray
  • Hair: Hair color is usually blonde
  • Reaction to the sun: People with type 2 tanned skin are rare. They often develop freckles when exposed to the sun. In case of too much sun exposure, the skin burns and peels.

Type 3

  • Skin: People with skin type 3 often have yellow tones and light beige skin
  • Eye: Eye color can be light brown or light brown
  • Hair: Hair color usually ranges from dark blonde to lighter brown
  • Reacting to the Sun: This skin type is prone to sunburn and burning and can also be freckled.

Type 4

  • Skin: People with phototype 4 have olive or light brown skin.
  • Eye: Dark to medium brown eyes
  • Hair: Medium to dark brown hair
  • Reacting to the Sun: People with skin type 4 will become tan when exposed to the sun. In some cases, the skin can also burn.

Type 5

  • Skin: Dark brown skin
  • Eye: Eye color varies from dark brown to black
  • Hair: Hair color varies from dark brown to black
  • Reacting to the Sun: This skin type never really has freckles and is very prone to tan. It will most likely not burn the skin.

Type 6

  • Skin: People with Type Six skin have a deep dark skin tone; dark brown to black
  • Eye: dark brown eyes
  • Hair: Black to jet black hair color
  • Reacting to the Sun: People with this skin type never burn and darken

Based on the descriptions of all six of these skin types, you can easily determine your skin type on the Fitzpatrick scale.

How to find your skin type?

Well, go through our description of different skin types, and you will easily know which skin type you have. If it’s still confusing, you can always visit your dermatologist or dermatologist to get the correct answer. Remember, the key to beautiful skin is the right skin care routine. And the right skin care routine can only be determined when you know your skin type for sure.

Skin care for different skin types

Normal skin type

You are so lucky to be endowed with great skin. However, that doesn’t mean you take it for granted and don’t care about it. Sticking with the basics will do the job for you. Cleansing, toning and moisturizing your skin twice a day works wonders. Use eye cream. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen in the morning. Exfoliate once a week.

Dry skin type

Your skin is drier than usual. Get your hands on with powerful moisturizing products. Do not use any products that are overly drying. Use a hydrating cleanser, a high-quality hydrating toner, and a moisture-boosting moisturizer. Don’t forget to use mist throughout the day and apply sunscreen regularly. Make sure to use a mild exfoliator once a week. Start your anti-aging routine early because dry skin is more susceptible to premature aging. Please don’t abuse it. While we’re at it, don’t forget to hydrate your skin inside, drink plenty of water, and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Oily skin type

First thing first, don’t wash your skin ten times a day. It sounds counterintuitive, but washing your face too thoroughly will make your skin produce more oil. Wash it twice a day with a mild cleanser. Use a toner to balance the pH of your skin. Prepare your hands for a good quality water-based moisturizer. You need to moisturize your skin even if you have oily skin. Just choose a product made for people with oily skin. Use topical treatments for acne-prone areas. Having a facial with a dermatologist is also a great way to get rid of congested skin. Use an oil-free sunscreen every day.

Combination skin

You have the best and the worst of both worlds. Since you have an oily T-zone, I recommend staying away from any cream-rich products. Wash your face lightly and use toner. You can use two types of moisturizer. Apply a thick layer of moisturizer on your cheek area if it is too dry and a gel moisturizer on your T-zone. This is also the case with masks; Moisturizing masks are great for cheeks, while brightening masks work wonders for your T-zone. Make sure to apply an oil-free sunscreen at all times of the day.

FAQS about skin types – Frequently asked questions about skin types

What are the four skin types?

What are the six skin types?

  • According to the Fitzpatrick scale, there are major skin types. These skin types are based on your sensitivity to the sun and your body’s natural production of melanin.
    • How do I determine my skin type?
    • If your skin is dry after washing your face and feels tight all the time, you most likely have dry skin.
    • If your facial skin is very oily in the summer and a little shiny during the winter, your skin is oily.
    • If your forehead, nose, and chin are oily but your cheeks are dry, you have combination skin.
    • If your skin is neither too oily nor too dry, you have achieved good results and are blessed with normal skin.
    • Which skin type is best?
  • Normal Skin Type is the best skin type. It looks almost perfect and is easy to maintain.

What does dry skin look like?

  • Dry skin lacks light and often appears dull. It can have patches of dry skin, fine lines, and uneven skin tone. Moreover, the skin is very easily irritated.

Which skin color is the most attractive?

  • All skin colors are beautiful in their own way. So no matter what skin color you are, you are very attractive. You just need to learn how to properly care for your skin.

What is skin type V?

  • Here are a few characteristics of people with leather type WOOD:
    • Skin: Dark brown skin
    • Eye: Eye color varies from dark brown to black
    • Hair: Hair color varies from dark brown to black
    • Reacting to the Sun: This skin type never really has freckles and is very prone to tan. It will most likely not burn the skin.

How do you classify skin color?

  • Skin color is usually graded using the Fitzpatrick scale.

What is my skin color?

  • One of the easiest ways to determine skin tone is to examine the appearance of veins beneath the skin under natural light.
    • Blue/violet circuit: cool skin tones
    • Green/blue bluish veins: warm skin tone
    • Neither green nor blue (you can’t say it easily): neutral skin tone

What is normal to combination skin?

  • If the skin on your cheeks is balanced and not too oily or dry, and you have an extremely oily T-zone, then your skin is classified as normal to combination skin.

Which face wash is best for combination skin?

  • Ideally, it’s best to see a dermatologist to get the best recommendation for your skin type. Make sure to use the product gently and avoid cream products.

How do I know if I have sensitive skin?

  • Usually, people with sensitive skin often experience redness on their face. Usually accompanied by red acne, rash and flushing. This skin type is very sensitive to new skin products.

What is skin color?

  • Skin tone refers to the color of a person’s skin. For example, if you have light skin, your complexion would be called pale or white.

Can we change your skin type?

  • Yes, your skin type can change over time due to environmental factors, age, hormones, and other health-related issues.

What does healthy skin look like?

  • If you have an overall smooth skin, you have a healthy skin. Your skin will not have many of the problems that people with problem skin have to experience.

Is mature skin a skin type?

  • Mature skin is not a skin type. This is a skin condition that requires specific care.

Oily skin or dry skin is better?

  • Both have their pros and cons. Generally, oily skin ages better than most skin types. On the other hand, you will not have problems with acne, large pores because you have dry skin.

What are skin disorders?

  • A skin disorder is any skin disease that affects the appearance and function of the skin. It is often caused by allergies, irritants, genetic makeup, certain diseases, and problems with the immune system.

Need Professional Advice, What’s Next?

Well, just schedule a skin consultation by filling out the form below, and one of our skin specialists will contact you shortly.

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